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Election Results: The BJP, which secured 303 seats in 2019 and 282 in 2014, found itself struggling to attain a complete majority this time around. Falling short of their past performances, the BJP now faces the challenge of forming a coalition government.

This marks the first time in ten years that the BJP will need to rely on allies, many of whom are not long-trusted partners and have a history of switching allegiances. The necessity to appease these regional parties could result in key ministries being handed out, a scenario fraught with uncertainty.

Over the past decade, the BJP-led government has shown a strong focus on development, supported by infrastructure spending. It planned and prioritized key reforms to boost this growth. However, the current election results could herald a shift towards welfare schemes, potentially altering the economic landscape significantly.

The markets are now closely monitoring the government’s next moves, as a pivot towards populist measures could derail the fiscal consolidation path and impact growth in key sectors.

Was the Market Prepared?

Valuations and Euphoria

The Indian markets, already trading at historically high valuations, were blindsided by the election results. With expectations of a stable government and continued policies, the markets had discounted substantial future growth, said a leading investment firm Aequitas on Monday.

The small and mid-cap indices, in particular, had seen a massive rally, with the frothiest sectors quoting at extreme price-to-earnings and price-to-sales ratios. The sudden realization that the political landscape is far more unstable than anticipated has led to a severe market correction. it added.

IPOs and Liquidity Concerns

The firm also highlighted that the steady influx of IPOs and QIPs has been draining liquidity from the markets, further exacerbating the downturn. Promoters sold shares worth a staggering ₹1.15 trillion in 2023, a 161% increase from the previous year. This liquidity crunch, coupled with inflated valuations, has left the markets vulnerable to sharp corrections.

What Lies Ahead?

Reforms in Limbo

With a coalition government on the horizon, the ambitious economic reforms planned by the BJP may now be out of reach. PM Modi had been targeting several key economic reforms – among them would have been a new
Electricity Act, labour laws, farm laws, PSU reforms and others.

Also Read: BJP’s potential coalition government sparks market sell-off

However, there is still hope for more straightforward measures like simplifying the duty structure, GST, and direct taxes, as well as widening the direct benefit transfer schemes and forging free trade agreements, IIFL Securities pointed out in its latest research note post election results.

Investment Strategies in Uncertain Times

Despite the turmoil, there are sectors that may still offer opportunities, according to the report . Stocks with decent growth prospects, limited government linkage, and strong valuation support, particularly in large caps, are recommended.

Sectors such as auto, consumer goods, banks, NBFCs, cement, pharma, and healthcare could perform well in this environment. Investors are advised to remain cautious, avoiding defense sectors and waiting for the market dust to settle before making significant moves.

The 2024 election results have sent shockwaves through the Indian markets, highlighting the fragility of the current economic landscape. As the BJP navigates the complexities of coalition politics, investors must brace for potential policy shifts and continued volatility.

While the Indian economy’s long-term prospects remain strong, the immediate future calls for a measured approach, with a focus on resilient sectors and prudent investment strategies.


Despite mixed global cues, the Indian indices opened higher on June 5 with Nifty around 21,100. The Sensex was up 0.93% at 72,749.26, and the Nifty was up 0.96% at 22,093.50.

As of 2:00 PM today, the Sensex was up 2.65 percent at 73,989.05, and the Nifty was up 2.80 percent at 22,496.70.

All the sectoral indices are trading in the green with FMCG index up 4.5%. BSE Midcap index rises 4 percent and Smallcap indices up 2.5 percent.

(Disclaimer: Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related documents carefully before investing. All investors are advised to conduct their own independent research into investment strategies before making an investment decision.)

  • Published On Jun 5, 2024 at 03:01 PM IST

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